Crab Allergy-Causes, Symptoms, And Cure
Crab allergy is included among the big eight food allergies that occur among the residents of the United States of America. Crabs have been classified as crustaceans along with lobsters, shrimps and crayfish. Being allergic to the entire range of crustaceans is a usual occurrence instead of developing allergic reactions to isolated sea food items.
Reasons for Crab Allergy
Cha f1 along with a muscle protein known as tropomyosin is generally responsible for trigerring off allergic reactions to crabs. The body starts secreting histamine and a specific antibody called IgE is created to fight the allergens present in the crab meat.
Individuals who are allergic to crabs are advised to avoid all kinds of crustaceans. However, a group of people with crab allergies have been seen to tolerate mollusks. Being allergic to cod fish and salmon is not related to the allergy in any way.
Crab Allergy Symptoms
- Skin rashes, which turn the complexion pink and causes swelling, often leading to the formation of skin hives with intense itching.
- Respiratory distress, caused by inflammation of the respiratory tract causing shortness of breath and wheezing.
- Nausea and vomiting accompanied by diarrhea and abdominal cramps.
- Dizziness and a feeling of becoming light headed.
- A feeling of constriction across the chest.
- A sense of impending doom or fear of something worse happening.
- A severe reaction known as anaphylaxis may cause the blood pressure to fall sharply resulting in a loss of consciousness and ultimate if left untreated.
Diagnosis of Crab Allergy
The following tests are usually conducted to diagnose the condition.
- Skin Prick Test- A small amount of the allergen in injected beneath the skin and the reaction is observed.
- Blood Tests- A sample from the patient is examined for the presence of IgE.
Treating Crab Allergy Symptoms
- Avoid all kinds of shellfish along with crabs and related products.
- Antihistamine drugs available over the counter can help to provide relief from the mild allergic reactions.
- Medicines for relieving asthmatic conditions may be helpful in counteracting respiratory problems.
- Topical skin lotions can minimize the hives and swelling of the skin.
- Anaphylaxis requires immediate medical care and is usually treated by injecting epinephrine.
Trying to keep away from an entire group of delicious food products might be a trifle sad but it is the only tested way to avoid suffering from crab allergy symptoms.
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