Mushroom Allergy - Causes, Symptoms, and Cure
Mushroom allergy triggers off reactions that are very similar to the ones that occur when an individual is exposed to molds and spores. This has often been associated with the damp and dark interiors that are not cleaned often enough. Read on to find out more about this specific allergy…
Reasons for Mushroom Allergy
The allergy is evident in people who spend their lives handling the mushrooms, especially those working in the packaging and food processing industries. Apart from consumption, the allergy can also be triggered off by inhaling the air laden with the spores or moulds. Contact may give rise to dermatitis too. All this occurs due to the failure of the body to recognize the proteins present in mushrooms as harmful allergens, triggering several health problems affecting the skin, respiratory system as well as the digestive system.
The risks for developing the allergy are enhanced when:
- There is a family history of allergies.
- There is an adverse reactions to mushroom including spores and moulds
- Presence of other food allergies
- When mushroom is eaten in the raw form especially in salads
- During handling of mushrooms or accidental inhalation of spores
Mushroom Allergy Symptoms
- Intense itching in the area of contact.
- Inflammation of lips, throat and oral cavity including the mouth
- Nausea and vomiting with cramps in the stomach
- Increase in heart beat rate
- Constriction of throat
Diagnosis of Mushroom Allergy
- Skin Prick Tests- Consists of injecting the allergen under the skin.
- Blood RAST Tests- Blood sample from the patient is examined for IgE.
- Food Elimination Test- The suspected food item is completely avoided by the patient for a few days.
- Nasal & Oral Challenge- the food or pollen believed to be the cause of allergy is given to the patient and the reactions observed.
Treating Mushroom Allergy Symptoms
- Total avoidance of mushrooms and related products
- OTC Antihistamine Drugs
- Medicines for Asthma
- Corticosteroids and medicated skin lotions for contact dermatitis
- Epinephrine injections, when the reactions become severe with the patient losing consciousness
Although mushroom allergy affects a miniscule percent of individuals, it is better to be safe and refrain from popping the succulent mushrooms into your mouth, if you experience any signs of discomfort.
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