Kiwi Allergy-Causes, Symptoms, And Cure
Kiwi Allergy or allergic reactions to the Chinese gooseberry is nothing new. In fact, it is one of the commonest food allergies that can occur. Children are the ones who suffer extensively from it according to the study results carried out by the University of Southampton. Let us now try and check out the facts about the allergic reactions associated with this highly nutritious fruits.
Reasons for Developing Kiwi Allergy
The immune system reacts to actinidin, a protein present within the kiwi fruit treating it as an allergen or harmful foreign body. The reactions vary between mild skin rashes to severe drop in blood pressure and loss of consciousness if left untreated.
There are various risk factors associated with the allergy. The common ones are:-
- Age- Children are commonly affected by the allergy.
- Family- A family history of allergies especially if one or both parents suffer from it can enhance the risk substantially.
- Food Allergies- Allergies to banana, mango, pineapples, strawberries, avocado and chestnut might result in kiwi fruit allergy too.
- Other Allergies- Birch pollen and latex allergies are believed to be linked to this particular allergic condition.
Kiwi Allergy Symptoms
- Inflammation and itching of the throat, lips and mouth along with a burning sensation of the area collectively known as Oral allergy syndrome.
- Redness of the skin along with rashes and eczema ultimately resulting in hives.
- Breathing trouble which includes wheezing, congestion of the respiratory tract and a whistling sound while exhaling.
- Cramps in the abdomen associated with indigestion, nausea, vomiting and diarrhea.
- Severe cases of kiwi fruit allergies may cause dizziness and light headedness which can cause the blood pressure to drop sharply leading to loss of consciousness.
Diagnosis of Kiwi Allergy
The following tests are usually conducted in order to diagnose the condition effectively.
- Skin Prick Test- Conducted by injecting a small amount of the allergen beneath the skin.
- Food elimination Test- the suspected food item is removed from the diet of the patient temporarily.
- Cross reactivity tests- Tests for other related food allergies.
Treating Kiwi Allergy Symptoms
- Avoidance of kiwi fruit and related products.
- Anti histamine drugs and medicated skin creams or topical lotions.
- Bronchodilators and medications for asthma.
- Epinephrine injection if the condition becomes serious.
It is better to test your child for Kiwi Allergy if you notice any adverse reactions on eating the fruit. Adults are usually safe and suffer from mild symptoms if they happen to be allergic to the fruit at all.
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