Citrus Allergy-Causes, Symptoms, And Cure
Citrus Allergy is something that seems to be a little surprising to most people as the nutritive values and health benefits of the group are most pronounced. However, some people do react adversely to the citrus group of fruits which may be manifested by mere touching of the peels.
Reasons for developing Citrus Allergy
People allergic to the citric group of fruits are known to secrete histamine if they happen to ingest or touch the citrus food or related food products. Whole fruits, pulps, condiments, peels, zests as well as flavoring agents containing the offending substance can trigger off extreme reactions causing severe bodily discomfort which includes pain, skin rashes and breathing difficulties.
The fruits that are likely to cause citrus fruit allergies include:-
- Musk Melons
The risk factors usually associated with the allergy are:-
- Adults are not likely to outgrow it.
- Prolonged allergy may cause Urinary Tract infections in the long run.
- It is often mistaken for food poisoning and needs to be tested before initiating treatment.
Citrus Allergy Symptoms
- Ulceration of the oral cavity, tongue and lips.
- Constriction of the throat muscles along with intense itching and swelling.
- Tingling in the facial region
- Skin rashes which may result in hives
- Runny nose, watery eyes and frequent bouts of sneezing
- Vomiting and Diarrhea
- Breathing difficulties
- Cramps in the abdomen.
Diagnosis of Citrus Allergy
The condition can be ascertained by conducting the following tests.
- Skin Tests- A small quantity of the allergen is injected under the skin and the reactions observed.
- Blood Tests- the tests detect the presence of the antibody IgE.
- Diet Elimination Tests- The food believed to be the cause of allergy is removed from the diet for a stipulated number of hours.
Treating Citrus Allergy Symptoms
- OTC anti histamine drugs and medicated skin lotions
- Broncho-dialators to minimize the respiratory problems.
- Avoiding all citrus fruits and food products containing the fruits.
- Citric acid containing formulations
- Calcium and potassium citrate containing products.
- Epinephrine injections for severe reactions causing anaphylaxis.
While it is best to avoid the offending fruits if you are afflicted with Citrus Allergy, you can try to consume fresh fruits or peel it completely before using it in cooking if you are merely intolerant instead of being allergic.
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