Egg Allergy

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Egg Allergy is quite common especially in young children who are likely to become immune to the allergic reactions as they grow older. It is not easy to avoid eating eggs altogether since they are considered to be protein rich and are used in almost all kinds of snacks and confection items.


 


Reasons


The allergic reactions to egg triggers off when the immunological system of our body identifies the egg proteins as harmful allergens. The histamines flood the body causing discomfort to the body as they are manifested through a number of symptoms. Severe reactions to egg proteins are not unheard of either and requires emergency medical intervention. Egg allergy can be to both the yolks and egg whites while infants being lactated can also display symptoms of egg protein allergies due to their presence in the breast milk.


 


Symptoms & Signs of Egg Allergy


Anaphylactic reaction to egg protein is quite common and people experience painful cramps and light headedness along with breathing difficulties and loss of consciousness. Treatment with epinephrine injections are the only way of reversing the effects and people susceptible to such attacks are required to carry an auto injector with them in case of such eventuality.


Other symptoms of egg allergy which are not as severe include:


  • Skin inflammation and redness in form of hives.

  • Nausea and vomiting along with painful cramps of the abdomen.

  • Rhinitis or running nose and sneezing bouts.

  • Asthmatic attacks


 


Diagnosis


  • Food challenge tests

  • Blood tests

  • Skin tests

  • Detailed questioning on symptoms.

  • Complete physical examination.


 


Treatment


  • Avoidance of eggs completely.

  • Consumption of birds like chicken, quail and ducks may also trigger off such reactions in a few; the condition is called bird-egg syndrome. Avoiding all kinds of bird meat is wise in such cases.

  • OTC anti histamine drugs can relieve some of the symptoms especially if they are not too severe.

  • Injection of adrenaline or epinephrine is required during anaphylaxis.


 


Risk Factors


  • Family- Children are at an increased risk to develop egg related allergies if any one of the parents are allergic to food products.

  • Dermatitis- Young kids suffering from eczema are liable to develop egg allergies at some point of their lives.

  • Other allergies- Being prone to hay fever, asthma or other food allergies is an indication of the child being vulnerable to egg allergies too.


 


Egg allergy is not bound to remain with your kid for life, a good piece of news indeed! However, taking adequate precaution while it persists is mandatory as it assures a healthy and energetic life for your progeny.


 


 Image Credit- ifood.tv/ 


 

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