Irritable Bowel Syndrome Diet Sheet

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Irritable bowel syndromeDigestive disorders are a common complaint and require special attention. Irritable bowel syndrome is one such disorder that needs a carefully planned diet to provide relief.



 


Symptoms of Irritable Bowel Syndrome


The most common symptom is alternating diarrhea and constipation. Abdominal pain, flatulence and bloating is also seen.Some people also experience a feeling of incomplete evacuation.In serious cases there is the presence of  mucus in stools.


 


CAUSES:


The following have been identified as probable causes:


  •  The use of antibiotics may trigger IBS

  • It is also seen in cases where there has been an excessive use of laxatives


  • Those people who consume more caffeine are prone.


  • Low fluid intake over a period of time may lead to the development of this disorder.


  • When sleep patterns are not regular, it raises the risk of IBS in some individuals


  • Certain foods such as lactose in milk can also contribute as they are allergens for some.


 


DIETARY GUIDELINES


The aim of dietary changes is to help the patient to consume sufficient nutrients and provide respite from the painful symptoms.The diet recommended is a normal diet with a few changes.


 


1. Fibre


A diet high in fiber is advised as it helps to give bulk to the stools.This helps in formation of soft stools which are easy to pass and cause a minimum amount of pain and discomfort.Gradual inclusion of fibre helps to achieve a normal and healthy bowel movement.20 to 30 g of fibre is to be consumed everyday.It is to be noted that there are two types of dietary fiber- soluble and insoluble fiber.


Soluble fiber is the edible part of a plant that does not get digested when consumed and ferments in the large intestine.This creates an environment where good bacteria thrive and help in easing pain.Sweet potatoes, carrots, oats, broccoli, apples and pears are good examples of soluble fiber.


 


2. Probiotics  


They are live microorganisms which provide a health benefit to the host.The consumption of probiotics has shown to help in the treatment of irritable bowel syndrome.It helps to reduce bloating and normalising stool patterns.These friendly bacteria are found in:


  • Yogurt


  • Kefir - It is a fermented beverage like yogurt and is common in central Asia


  • Miso – It is a fermented food that is made in Japan.The main ingredient is soybean.


 


OTHER CONSIDERATIONS


 


  • Foods that are rich in fat should be avoided 


  • An excess of sugary foods that can cause bloating should not be consumed


  • Alcohol in any amount should is forbidden.


 


Stool softeners and anti diarrhea drugs are usually prescribed.Regular exercise is very beneficial.Moreover it is important to practise methods of relaxation like meditation.Yoga is also suggested.


 


Image Credit- nationalnursingreview.com 


 

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